My Life in Peru

An Expat Mom Shares Her Experiences with Peruvian Life, Travel and Food

Chicha de Jora

Posted on | January 18, 2011 | 5 Comments


Chicha de joraIf you cook very many Peruvian dishes, eventually you’ll run up against the ingredient chicha de jora. And you may think to yourself, “What the hoohaw is chicha de jora?”

Well, chicha (CHEE-cha) itself is a word used in Latin America as a catch-all for a variety of fermented drinks, especially those made using corn – but there is also chicha made from yuca or fruits. Chicha de jora is made from a yellow type of maize called jora (HORE-ah), that’s germinated to release the starches, dried in the sun and then ground up. It’s then boiled  in water sweetened with chancaca, and fermented in large vats.  Chicha de jora is made in virtually all of the Andina territories, and is used all over Peru as a drink and as an ingredient in many dishes.

There are some cultures that make a type of chicha where instead of germinating the seed, they chew it up, mixing it with saliva which breaks down the starches.  I think it’s pretty amazing that people who had no way of knowing what was going on chemically still understood that their saliva effected the corn in some way. How did they figure that out?  Who was the first guy to say, “Hey, just mix some spit with it, dry it out and see what happens”?

Anyway -

It’s generally accepted that the original ceviche was made by marinating fish in chicha, and the drink has been in Peru (indeed all throughout the Andes) for thousands of years.  It’s very popular in Peru,  both as a drink and as an ingredient in foods. There are two types of chicha de jora – either young and barely fermented, slightly sweet, or mature and strong.  It’s usually the strong chicha that’s used for cooking.  It’s used as part of the liquid ingredient in foods like seco or arroz con pollo.

And that brings us to the question – what if you’re making one of these dishes, and don’t have chicha de jora available? It’s a good question, and there are a few options.

If you don’t want to add fermented liquids to your food, replace the chicha with chicken stock.  If you’d like to be more faithful to your recipe, light beer or a white cooking wine can be used in the same amount as the chicha.  Either of those will add a fairly similar ‘tang’ to the dish.

If you’re in Peru, you can find chicha for sale in many of the bodegas or at “chicherias”. It’s usually sold in 1 liter bottles – often “recycled” soda or water bottles.  If you go to one of the many food fairs around the city, you can find chicha de jora for sale by the glass to drink with your meal.

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Comments

5 Responses to “Chicha de Jora”

  1. Tweets that mention Chicha de Jora | My Life in Peru -- Topsy.com
    January 18th, 2011 @ 23:23

    [...] This post was mentioned on Twitter by Spring Valley Resort, Fnnkybutt. Fnnkybutt said: Everything you want to know about chicha de jora! http://su.pr/29Y2RW http://fb.me/PskuiGuv [...]

  2. Becca
    January 28th, 2011 @ 11:56

    Chicha sounds like an interesting part of history, culture, and every day life! How much does it usually cost to buy this kind of home-made brew?

  3. Kelly
    January 28th, 2011 @ 12:19

    It’s pretty inexpensive; from a local market or bodega it’s usually 2 or 3 Peruvian soles for a liter.

  4. cutiepink
    May 13th, 2011 @ 19:32

    For me “CHICHA DE JORA” Made from fermented jora, a type of dried corn, this sweet beverage is a sacred drink shared amongst communities during festivals and special gatherings.

  5. Getting Drunk in Peru: Great Must-Try Beverage | Caribbean Travel Guides
    March 22nd, 2012 @ 08:56

    [...] alcoholic favorites in Peru, such as Chicha de jora, an inexpensive, traditional drink made from alcohol and fermented corn. You cannot find it at [...]

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    About

    I got tired of life happening while I made other plans, so I quit my job and came to Peru. I live here with my Peruvian husband, two sons, three dogs and various other family members, depending on the weather.


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